Methodology for the establishment of ecological networks under the pressure of habitat fragmentation in the Republic of Serbia
2011 Methodology for the establishment of ecological networks under the pressure of habitat fragmentation in the Republic of Serbia. MAKSIMOVIC Vesna (Serbia And Montenegro) email@example.com
Organisation: Christian Albrechts University, Kiel (DE) Supervisor : Summary: With rapid industrialization and world development, especially during the last three centuries, nature in all its forms has been compromised, where a decrease in biological diversity is only one of the side effects. Loss, isolation and defragmentation of habitats (primarily due to transport infrastructure development) are preventing species to migrate, forcing them to live in habitats that are often not large enough to support their optimal population size, the possibility for genetic change is reduced or inexistent and species are often incapable of responding to the impacts and consequences of climate change (which are likely to induce migration to new habitats). Today, nature conversation policy is common in all countries in Europe, although there are differences in approaches and strategies for its implementation, on scientific and political level. One of such approaches is creation of ecological networks, consisting of core areas, green corridors and/or stepping stones, buffer zones and restoration zones. Serbia, as one of the European Union membership applicants, is obliged by law to create a network of protected areas on a national level, primarily through NATURA 2000 network. In this research all of existing EU approaches related to ecological networks will be analysed and it will be established which ones of them are not suitable for implementation in Serbia, which ones could possibly be implemented and what adjustments would need to be made for such an action. After the analysis, a final methodology for creation of ecological network on a national level will be proposed, with a purpose to preserve biodiversity, related to populations of big mammals (carnivores and herbivores), small mammals and insects of woodland habitats, dry and wet grassland, and wetlands, not taking into account flying species (birds, flying insects) or plants.